Freiwillig R, Kudrman J, Chraska P (1976) Bainite transformation in deformed austenite. Metall Trans A 7:10911097. doi:10.1007/BF02656591  Holzweissig M, Canadinc D, Maier H-J (2012) In-situ characterization of transformation plasticity during an isothermal austenite-to-bainite phase transformation.
This coupled transformation model has been applied to bainitic transformations in steels. The model predicts an increasing interfacial velocity and supersaturation during growth with decreasing transformation temperature, while the nucleation velocity passes through a maximum, giving C-curve kinetics. Effect of microstructure on the stability of retained The mechanical properties of these transformation-induced-plasticity (TRIP) steels depended not only on the individual behavior of all these phases, but also on the interaction between the phases during deformation. The polygonal ferrite and bainite of the C-Mn-Si steel contributed to the elongation more than these phases in the C-Mn-Si-Nb-steel.
Apr 10, 2019 · Transformation plasticity under tensile and compressive stresses are determined from the experimentally measured dilations during martensite transformation. Transformation plasticity coefficient in the Greenwood-Johnson model is derived and found to be constant around 9.25 × 10 5 MPa 1 under tensile stresses and constant around 6.83 Evaluation of Displacive Models for Bainite Transformation Several kinetic models for bainite transformation have been widely applied in industry and research. The majority of these models, that do not consider the effect of cementite precipitation during bainite transformation, were validated in high silicon bainitic steels in order to avoid the interference of cementite precipitation during bainite formation.
Mar 15, 2012 · OSTI.GOV Journal Article:In-situ characterization of transformation plasticity during an isothermal austenite-to-bainite phase transformation. In-situ characterization of transformation plasticity during an isothermal austenite-to-bainite phase transformation. Full Record; Influence of Prior Martensite on Bainite Transformation A multiphase microstructure comprising of different volume fractions of prior martensite and ultra-fine bainite (bainitic ferrite and retained austenite) was obtained by quenching to certain temperatures, followed by isothermal bainitic transformation. The effect of the prior martensite transformation on the bainitic transformation behavior, microstructures, and mechanical properties were
Jun 12, 2018 · The kinetic behavior of highly undercooled austenite and its effects on the microstructural evolution and mechanical properties of high-carbon steel are studied. The undercooling degree is increased through a temporary undercooling treatment at the bainite transformation temperature of 380 °C to 450 °C before the pearlite isothermal transformation at 500 °C to 620 °C. Kinetic models of multiple-stage martensite transformation Dec 05, 2019 · Then the kinetics of bainite transformation can be eed as follows:(7) d f B dt = 1 f B 1 + f B where the values of and were obtained by fitting method. f B indicate the volume fraction of bainite. is the autocatalytic parameter, which depends on austenite size and chemical composition of prior austenite and can be considered as a constant in this article. is the so-called transformation
bainite transformation in carbide-free steels, for example, the fact that the bainite start temperature (B S) is far below that at which ferrite formation becomes thermo-dynamically possible. The essential kinetic features of the bainite transformation are Proc. R. Soc. Lond. A (2004) Measurement and Prediction of Phase Transformation Jul 05, 2018 · (so-called Greenwood-Johnson plasticity[11,12]), and the selection of particular crystallographic variants of martensite can also inuence the total strain.[9,13] Both of these eects fall into the category of strains referred to as being due to transformation plasticity, which has attracted continuous research eort to understand and model.
Novel advanced high-strength steels such as dual-phase (DP) and transformation induced plasticity (TRIP) steels, are considered as promising materials for new generation of lightweight vehicles. The superior mechanical properties of these steels, compared to classical high strength steels, are associated with their complex microstructures. The desired phase configuration and morphology can Role of Austenitization and Pre-Deformation on the Apr 08, 2009 · According to the Magee model, which was initially developed for martensitic reactions and later adopted for bainitic transformations, the transformation plasticity stems from the alignment of martensitic or bainitic variants when stress is superimposed during transformation. [ 27, 29, 30] The additional mechanical driving force helps to form variants having a preferred alignment with respect to
Role of Austenitization and Pre-Deformation on the Kinetics of the Isothermal Bainitic Transformation. The role of time-temperature path on the isothermal austenite-to-bainite phase transformation of low alloy 51 CrV 4 steel was investigated and the corresponding microstructures were analyzed. The important finding is that an incomplete initial austenitization treatment leaves undissolved carbides in The Effect of Applied Compression Stress on Isothermal The study of isothermal bainite transformation under the applied compression stress for the HQ785 steel was carried out on the Gleeble1500 thermal simulation test machine, according to the expansion curve of bainite transformation with different stress and isothermal temperature, the simulated calculation of the phase transformation kinetics and transformation plasticity is carried out.
Jul 13, 2018 · During bainitic transformation process, diffusion of C is occurred. Excess C elements are rejoiced into the neighboring UA. Along with the transformation process, C concentration of UA is increased continually, and transformation from UA into bainite is ceased until it reached the T 0 line. During the bainitic transformation process, UA has Very Strong, LowTemperature BainiteVery Strong, LowTemperature Bainite GR/N 14620/01 Background and Context During the course of our research on the quantitative design of steels [1,2], an exciting discov-ery was made, in which carbidefree bainite was obtained by transformation at incredibly low temperatures, as low as 125 C . To put this into context, the random jump
se transformation of the 16MND5 carbon steel from austenite to bainite under low externally due to privileged orientation of martensitic plates during transformation in presence of exter- assumed by Leblond to formulate its transformation plasticity kinetic model. They extended